OH-58D Kiowa Warrior Reconnaissance helicopter with light attack capability. First flight: 1982 © Konstantinos Panitsidis

Photos from the personal collection of Konstantinos Panitsidis


 Technical specifications      Photos      Video

 

 

Status: in 2019 Army Aviation Greece acquired 70 light reconnaissance and attack helicopters OH-58D Kiowa Warrior.
Produced: 1991-2011
Airframe time: average flight time is 5.800 flight hours
Of them:
 - 36 combat-ready helicopters
 - 24 for Hellenic Army Pilot Training
 - 10 as spare parts
Subordination: 1rd Army Aviation Helicopter Battalion

 

The OH-58D Kiowa Warrior two-seater army helicopter is based on the OH-58D Kiowa (Bell 206A) helicopter. Helicopter OH-58D Kiowa Warrior is designed for reconnaissance and visual observation of the battlefield and the ability to fly in the terrain-relief envelope mode up to 15 m (in height). Since 1986 their main focus was interaction with attack helicopters AH-64A (search and target detection, target designation, as well as target illumination with a laser beam for targeting Hellfire anti-tank missiles), as well as independently perform combat functions as a reconnaissance and attack helicopter.

OH-58D Kiowa Warrior Reconnaissance helicopter with light attack capability © Konstantinos Panitsidis

The helicopter is designed according to a single-rotor scheme with a four-bladed main rotor and a single-bladed tail propeller (the main rotor provides operability when hit by projectiles with a caliber of up to 23 mm). The helicopter is equipped with one gas turbine engine (GTE) Allison 250-C30R / 3 (Rolls-Royce Turboshaft) with a takeoff power of 478 kW (650 hp). To reduce IR visibility, an exhaust gas cooling system was installed. 
The first flight of experimental OH-58D took place on September 1, 1983. The production of the helicopter started in 1985.

EQUIPMENT:

The cockpit is equipped with two multi-functional LCD displays (MFD).

The cockpit is equipped with two multi-functional LCD displays (MFD).

 

The Mast Mounted Sight (MMS), which resembles a beach ball perched above the rotor system with a size of 119.38x63.5 cm. Installed on a gyro-stabilized platform, 85 cm higher above the main rotor.

The Mast Mounted Sight (MMS), which resembles a beach ball perched above the rotor system.


The MMS system includes:
 - television system (camera with 12x magnification, working during the day).
 - thermal imaging system (possible applications be used at night and in bad weather).
 - laser ranger finder/designator with a range of 9.99 km (for targeting ATGMs and guided artillery shells).
 - the MMS system has the ability to rotate 360 degrees and change the vertical angle within ± 30 degrees.

 

ARMAMENT: The armament consists of:
 - rocket launcher system Hydra 70 rocket.
 - ATGM AGM-114 Hellfire.
 - pod with 7,62 and 12,7 mm machine guns.


ATGM AGM-114 Hellfire.Rocket launcher system Hydra 70 rocket.
ATGM AGM-114 Hellfire / Rocket launcher system Hydra 70 rocket. 

 

OPERATIONAL HISTORY: 
The helicopter was actively used in the war in Afghanistan (from 2002-2020/21), in Iraq (from 2003-2011).

 

 


TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

DESIGNER
Bell Helicopter Textron
COUNTRY
USA
TYPE
Reconnaissance helicopter with light attack capability
CREW
2
POWER-PLANT
1 x Allison 250-C30R/3
Power, h.p. (kW)
1x650 (1x485)
DIMENSIONS
 
Length, m
12,55
Main rotor diameter , m
10,67
Tail rotor diameter, m
1,65
Wing span, m
-
Height, m
2,29
WEIGHT
 
Empty kg
1.587
Normal take-off, kg
-
Maximum take-off, kg
2.358
Internal fuel, kg
454
Warload, kg
227
PERFORMANCE
 
Maximum speed, km/h
239
Cruising speed, km/h
185
Range, km
552
Combat range, km
296
Enduranceh,min
2,25
Service ceiling, m
6.250
Static ceiling, m
3.660
Rate of climb, m/min 492
Payload, kg
-
ARMAMENT
Pod with 7,6 mm machine gun
Hardpoints: 2-4
- up to 4xAGM-114 Hellfire anti-tank missiles
- up to 4xAIM-92 Stinger anti-aircraft missiles
- 2xLAU-68 rocket launcher with seven 70 mm Hydra 70 rocket.
- up to 2xGlobal Helicopter Technology CFD-5000 with with one 12,7 mm Colt-Browning M3 machine gun or two 7,62 mm machine guns or two NC 20M621 containers with a 20 mm GIAT M621 cannon and 180 rounds.

 


PHOTOS OH-58D Kiowa Warrior, Hellenic Army Aviation