Spiral Orbital Aircraft Programme © Konstantinos Panitsidis

Artistic illustration Spiral © Konstantinos Panitsidis


 Technical specifications      Photos      Video

 

 

The orbital and hypersonic aircraft Spiral was developed by OKB-155 Mikoyan in 1965, under the leadership of the Chief Designer of the OKB Gleb Evgenievich Lozino-Lozinsky. Aerospace system Spiral is a two-stage space complex, which consists of a hypersonic accelerator aircraft and a manned orbital aircraft.

 

Spiral Orbital Aircraft Programme © Konstantinos Panitsidis

 

And also modifications of the manned orbital aircraft were developed as: Daytime photographic reconnaissance aerospaceplane, reconnaissance version, attack orbital aerospaceplane, interceptor.

 

Orbital aerospaceplane © Konstantinos Panitsidis

Technical Specifications: Crew 1 Dimensions: Length 8,00 m Wing span 7,4 m Height 3,3 m Weight: Maximum take-off 10.300 kg Empty 4.630 kg Payload 4.908 kg Maximum orbital load H=200 km i=51o 1.300 kg Power Plant: Atmospheric engine One turbojet RD-36-35K Thrust 2.350 kgf Fuel Kerosene Orbital Engine One Liguid-propellant rocket Thrust 1 х 1.500 kgf and 2 х 40 kgf  Fuel Nitrogen tetrooxide + Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine  Performance: Orbit altitude 130-150 km.

 


THREE-VIEW DRAWING

Spiral Orbital Aircraft Programme © Konstantinos Panitsidis

 


TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

DESIGNER
OKB-155 MiG 
COUNTRY
Russia
TYPE
Orbital aircraft
CREW
2
POWER-PLANT
Four turbojet engine, RD-39-300
Thrust, kgf
-
DIMENSIONS
 
Length, m
38,00
Height, m
-
Wing span, m
16,5
Wing area, m2
240,00
WEIGHT
 
Maximum take-off, kg
115.000
Normal take-off, kg
-
Empty aircraft, kg
-
Internal fuel, kg
-
PERFORMANCE
 
Maximum speed, km/h
7.350
Max speed in low height, km/h
-
Range, km
3.000
Service ceiling, m
28.000 - 30.000
Rate of climb, m/min
-
ARMAMENT
-