BMP-3M Infantry fighting vehicle


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Long-term experience of employment of the BMP-3 infantry fighting vechicles in various parts of the world and modern requirements to the vehicles of this class have determined the necessity of complex BMP-3 upgrading. In result of upgrading the characteristics of the vehicle were considerably improved, including characteristics of fire power, mobility, protection and ergonomics, thus generally increasing combat efficiency of the BMP-3 IFV. The vehicle was named BMP-3M. Today Kurganmashzavod JSC is ready to deliver upgradedvehicles as well as to upgrade the ones that are already in service up to the level of the BMP-3M. 

In order to enhance fire power factor, BMP-3M is fitted with an automatic fire control system, which includes: 
SOZH-M main gunner's sight with integrated laser rangefinderand ATGM guiding channel VESNA-K sighting system with thermal imaging camera and AST-B automatic target tracker 
Commander's vision device TKN-AI 
Digital ballistic computer 
ATGM loading mechanism 
The new fire control system ensures target identification and effective aimed firing at great distances and speeds, provides decrease of target destruction time and considerable improvement of firing efficiency afloat. The commander's day-night vision device TKN-AI with active-pulse illumination is used within the system and provides increase of target detection range in poor visibility conditions (dust, smoke, fog, etc.).The BMP-3M is equipped with an automatic ATGM loading mechanism, which reduces loading time to 12 seconds. The mechanism ensures ATGM loading in automatic and operational modes at any angle of turret traverse relatively to the vehicle hull. 
Ammunition allowance of the BMP-3M is supplemented with new types of rounds:

  1. 10O-mm high-explosive fragmentation shells 3UOF19,
  2. anti-tank guided missiles9M117M1,
  3. 30-mm armour-piercing discarding sabot shells.

The new 100-mm high-explosive fragmentation shell 3UOF19 features improved characteristics of fragmentation effect and better firing accuracy. The anti-tank guided missile 9M117M1 has tandem warhead, which enhances armour-piercing impact and ensures piercing of explosive-reactive armc firing range is increased from 4 up to 5.5 km. The 30-mm armour-piercing discarding sabot shell features 80% better armour-piercing capability as compared with the standard armour-piercing shell. 

The mobility of the BMP-3M can be increased by installation of a new turbocharged UTD-32 engine that increases specific power and dynamic characteristics of the vehicle. Due to the forced cooling system the engine is fully adapted to operation in hot climate conditions. 
The upgrading program also includes installation of a new multipurpose (day-night) driver's vision deviceTVK-1, which broadens driver's capabilities during the vehicle movement at night, and also installation of APP-688 automatic gear selector to decrease the driver's fatigue. 

To increase protection BMP-3M IFV can be equipped with additional armour shields, as well as with active protection or explosive reactive armour (ERA) kit. 
ARENA defensive-aid suite (DAS) provides protection against anti-tank guided and unguided missiles and anti-tank grenades used in various infantry ATGM launching systems and also in ammunition allowances ofhelicopters. 
SHTORA-1 system of protection against high-precision weapons ensures effective protection of the "MP-3M IFVagainst anti-tank guided missiles with semi-automatic guidance and laser target illumination, and against artillery armament employing fire control system with laser rangefinder. As opposed tc system, also against artillery armament employing fire control system which uses the principle of enemy ammunition destruction, SHTORA-1 system misleads guidance of enemy ammunition. 
Units of ERA kit cover49% of the BMP-3M frontal surface and 85% of its side surface. The reactive armour considerably improves protection of the vehicle against anti-tank hollow-charge shells.

The BMP-3M vehicle can be equipped with a chassis control system (IUSSH-688). The system is programmable with microprocessor control of chassis units and assemblies, parameters of their operation, delivery of current and warning information to driver's display and generation of voice messages. Thus IUSSH-688 serves to automate some of the functions, previously performed by the driver, to improve operational reliability of chassis units and assemblies, to control their serviceability in interactive mode, to warn about failures of chassis important elements. 

A system of electronic assistant for driver and operator (EADO) can be an alternative. As opposed to IUSSH-688 system, EADO system controls the parameters of both chassis and fighting compartment units. However installation of the electronic assistant requires no significant changes in the standard BMP-3 systems. 
The vehicle can be also equipped with KBM-3M2E air conditioner to provide comfort working conditions for the crewand troopers in hot climate with high ambient temperature.



Type tracked, armoured, amphibious
Combat weight, t 22
Troopers, persons 7
Crew, persons 3 (commander, gunner, driver)
Transportability the vehicle can be transported by rail, trailer, cargo
aircraft or vessel
Main overall dimensions  
Length (over hull), mm 6715
Width (over tracks), mm 3150
Height (over turret top), mm 2300
Height (over radar of ARENA system), mm 3150
Ground clearance, mm 450
Model UTD-29, four-stroke, multi-fuel, liquid-cooled
Gross power, kW(hp) 368 (500)
Movement speed  
Maximum movement speed on highway, km/h:  
Forward gears 70
Reverse gears 20
Average movement speed on dry unpaved road, km/h 55
Maximum speed afloat, km/h 10
Cruising range, km 600
Negotiable obstacles  
Gradient, max, deg. 35
Side slope, max, deg. 20
Trench, max, m 2,5
Vertical obstacle, max, m 0,8
Water approach angle, deg. 30
Water departure angle, deg. 25
Water surface:  
when crossing water barrier, max Sea State 3
when firing, max Sea State 2
Gun-launcher 2A70, rifled, semi-automatic
Calibre, mm 100
Rate of fire, rounds/min 10
Maximum firing range, m 4000
Cannon 2A72, automatic
Calibre, mm 30
Rate of fire, rounds/min 300
Maximum firing range, m 4000
Machine gun PKTM
Number, pcs. 3
Calibre, mm 7,62
Maxirnum firing range, m 2000
Ammunition allowance  
Rounds to 2A70 gun-launcher, pcs. 22 (in conveyor)
Rounds to 2A72 cannon, pcs. 500
Cartridges for machine guns, pcs. 6000
Number of aerosol grenades
(if SHTORA-1 system is installed), pcs.
TSHY-1M type 12
TSHY-1M1 type 24
TSHY-1M2 type 18
ATGM loading mechanism  
Type electromechanical
Number of ATGM in mechanized strowage rack, pcs. 3
ATGM loading time, sec 12
Gunner's main sight SOZH-M day, active-passive night, with independent field of view stabilization in two planes and integrated rangefinder
Day vision channel  
Magnification 14x, 5x, 1x
Target identification range, m 5000
Night channel  
Magnification 5x
Field of view, deg. 7o
Target identification range (in active mode), m 800
Laser rangefinder  
Measured range, m 500 - 6000
Range measurement accuracy, m Β± 10
Sighting system VESNA-K with AST automatic target tracker, night vision, with thermal imaging camera and displays at commander's and gunner's working stations
Commander's vision device TKN-AI binocular, combined (day, active-passive night with laser active-pulse illumination)
Magnification of day/night system 4.75x/5x
Field of view:  
passive mode 8o
active mode 1ox2o
Target vision range, m  
passive mode 600
active mode 1000
Driver's vision device TVK-1 periscope, combined
(day/night), binocular, passive
Road detection range, m 1000
System of protection against high-precision weapons SHTORA-1
Operation mode automatic, semi-automatic, manual
Type of detected laser radiation source rangefinder, target designator, information channel
Number of smoke-grenade launchers, pcs. 12, 24, 18
Calibre of launchers, mm 81, 80, 76
Smoke-grenade launching range, m 40-90
Aerosol screen laying time, sec. 3
Defensive-aid suite ARENA-E
Type of engaged targets anti-tank grenade, ATGM
Operation mode automatic
Number of launchers with defensive ammunition, pcs. 24-26
Air conditioner  
Model KBM-3M2E
Refrigerating capacity, kW 8