Tu-22M3 Backfire. First flight: 1983 © Konstantinos Panitsidis

Photos from the personal collection of Kostas Panitsidis


 Technical specifications      Photos      Video

 

 

A supersonic medium-range swing-wing missile-carrying bomber powered by two NK-25 25,000-kgf turbofan engines. The Tu-22M prototype made its maiden flight on 30 August, 1969 with the Tu-22M3 prototype taking to the air on 20 June, 1977. 

The Tu-22M had been under series production at the Kazan Gorbunov aircraft production association during 1969-1992. Over 500 aircraft were built in various versions, including in excess of 200 Tu-22M3s. Currently, the Tu-22M3 is operated by the Russian Air Force and Naval Aviation as well as by the Ukrainian Air Force. 

The Tu-22M3 was used as the base to derive a long-range reconnaissance aircraft, an electronic countermeasures (ECM) aircraft as well as the Tu-22MLL flying testbed designed to hold prospective aircraft aerodynamic research. 

 


THREE-VIEW DRAWING

Tu-22M3 © Konstantinos Panitsidis


TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

DESIGNER
OKB Tupolev
COUNTRY
Russia
TYPE
Long range Bomber
CREW
4
POWER-PLANT
Two bypass engine ΝΚ-22
Thrust, kgf
2 x 22.000
DIMENSIONS
 
Length, m
41,16
Height, m
11,15
Wing span, m
 
- minimum 20ο
34,28
- maximum 65ο
23,30
Wing area, m2
 
- minimum 20ο
183,58
- maximum 65ο
175,78
WEIGHT
 
Maximum take-off, kg
126.000
Normal take-off
112.000
PERFORMANCE
 
Maximum speed, (10.000 m), km/h
2.300
Cruising speed, (missile Kh-22Μ- Tu-22M2), km/h
900
Service ceiling, m
13.000
ARMAMENT
1x23 mm cannon GSh-23. Warload-24.000 kg (maximum).

 


PHOTOS Tu-22M3